Small pine trees make a great addition to your home garden and with so many different types of pine trees to select from there is one just right for your landscape. The small size of these trees makes them easy to maintain and their evergreen nature will provide living greenery in your landscape year-round.
All types of pine trees can be grown in your garden to create living privacy fences, property borders, windbreaks, or as an anchor plant in the landscape. Check out these 15 different types of dwarf pine trees to discover the types that are right for your climate and landscape.
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1- Alberta Pine Spruce (Picea glauca albertiana)
This is an attractive, compact, conical-shaped unique pine tree that will add detail and color to your garden year-round.
The thick green dense foliage on this type of pine tree grows in an A-shape and will never need pruning unless to reduce its mature height. The dwarf Alberta Spruce will reach a mature height of 12-feet but that will take about 30 years since it’s slow-growing.
This pine tree grows best in climates that have cool summer weather and cold winters. It will grow equally well when planted in a container or in-ground.
2- Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens)
Stunningly attractive with its downward growing branches and silvery-blue foliage, the Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce will thrive in most growing zones.
This unique pine tree will reach a mature height of 10-feet when planted in-ground and can be kept smaller when grown in a container. Plant this dwarf pine as a specimen tree in full sun and moist soil. Ideal for use as a focal point in the center of a garden
3- Chalet Swiss Stone Pine Tree (Pinus cembra)
Slow growing decorative pine tree with long, flowing evergreen needles. This unique dwarf pine tree grows best in sandy soil and cool climates.
Chalet Swiss Stone Pine will reach a mature height of 20-feet but the slow-growing habit of the tree will cause it to take many years to reach the mature height.
4- Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
An evergreen pine tree that grows into the classic cone shape. This type of pine tree is slow-growing, low-maintenance, and produces flat needle-like leaves that stay green year-round.
Dwarf Balsam Fir is very fragrant and makes an ideal tree for growing in a container. This different pine tree species enjoys growing in full sun and grows best in a warm climate.
5- Dwarf Serbian Pine Spruce (Picea omorika)
This different type of pine tree has green and silver needles that form dense foliage and develops reddish cones in the fall.
This is a slow-growing pine tree that will reach a mature height and width of around 5-feet. This is also one of the pine tree varieties that grow in an attractive conical shape without being pruned.
Dwarf Siberian Spruce pine trees grow best in dry climates and acidic soil. Hardy in USDA growing zone 4-7.
6- Green Spire Euonymus Pine Tree (Euonymus japonicus)
A native pine tree specie of Monrovia, this small bushy type of tree has foliage that stays green all year. The low-growing Green Spire Euonymus has many cultivars that produce a wide range of leaf and tree shapes, including dark green glossy leaves and variegated cultivars that grow in vertical columns.
This type of pine tree is great to plant in rows for use as a privacy hedge in the garden or plant one as an ornamental tree. This small growing pine tree will reach a mature height of 6-8 feet but can be kept smaller with yearly pruning.
This different type of pine tree grows best in hot humid climates and prefers a planting location that receives shade in the afternoon.
7- Green Arrow Weeping Alaska Cedar Pine Tree (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis)
This unique dwarf pine tree will provide a vertical accent and evergreen color to any garden. Reaching 20-feet tall and 1-foot wide when mature, the Green Arrow Weeping Alaska Cedar is a narrow tree with downward growing branches covered with dense, dark green foliage.
The growth pattern of this different type of pine tree gives it the appearance of an arrow being shot up and out of the ground.
Plant in full sun and well-draining soil. This pine tree is hardy in USDA growing zones 4-8.
8- Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)
This is an ornamental pine tree cultivar that is native to Japan. Hinoki cypress is an evergreen miniature pine tree that will reach a mature height of 1-6 feet, depending on the type selected.
This type of pine tree has soft feathery needles and dark green foliage. The small hardy tree grows equally well when planted in a container or in-ground.
Plant this attractive dwarf pine tree in well-drained soil where it will receive full to partial sun. Hinoki Cypress is a slow-growing evergreen pine tree that grows best in warm, humid climates.
9- Japanese Black Pine Tree (Pinus thunbergii)
Ideal dwarf pine tree for any small garden due to its elegant look. The tree bark is blackish-brown with evergreen needle-like foliage.
This compact tree has small branches that grow vertically to give the tree a dwarf, narrow pyramid look. The Japanese Black Pine reaches a mature height of 6-feet but can be pruned similar to a Bonsai tree the tree to give your garden an oriental look.
This dwarf enjoys growing in a full sun location and can withstand harsh winter climates.
10- Miniature Moss False Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera)
This is one is more of a small shrub than a tree and is ideal for planting as a border shrub. This low-growing pine shrub will reach a mature height of 1-foot and grows in a rounded mound.
The evergreen silver foliage provides color in the winter landscape when other plants have gone into dormancy. The silver color of this cypress shrub also accentuates floral color during the spring and summer.
Hardy in cool climates down to USDA zone 4. Mini Moss False Cypress can be grown equally well in-ground or in a container.
11- Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo)
Also know as a Dwarf Mountain Pine, the Mugo Pine is a type of conifer that remains green year-round and grows best in a partially shaded area.
Mugo Pines reach a mature height of 3-5 feet and produces short, compact branches that spread out to 3-5 feet in each direction. Native to the mountain regions of the Alps and higher Balkan Peninsula mountains.
This pine tree variety is often used as a ground cover and is ideal for planting in a rock garden in the shade of taller-growing trees.
Mugo Pine trees are hardy in USDA growing zones 3-7 and can easily survive in a climate with harsh winters.
12- Norway Spruce (Picea abies)
This is a small evergreen that grows in an attractive mound shape and reaches a mature size of 3-4 feet tall and equally as wide. Norway Spruce is often used as an anchor shrub for a driveway entrance or as a foundation planting and can be kept pruned to desired height and width.
The attractive green needle-like foliage of this dwarf pine tree creates a colorful addition to the garden year-round.
Plant Norway Spruce in full sun and any type of soil. This different type of pine tree grows well in cooler climates and can withstand harsh winter weather.
13- Pencil Point Juniper (Juniperus communis)
This unique pine tree grows tall and slender, much like the shape of a pencil. it will reach a mature height of 6-feet and about 1-foot wide.
Pencil Point Junipers are evergreen and make ideal living privacy screen or property fences. It’s also a good tree choice for planting in garden areas where height is needed and year-round greenery is desired.
This dwarf pine tree is not picky about the soil it’s planted in and will thrive in most locations with the ability to withstand harsh winters and below-freezing temperatures.
14- Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Nicknamed the Green Penguin because of its distinctive conical shape and evergreen color. The dwarf tree will develop small brown cones in the fall.
The Scotch Pine is a hardy evergreen that is ideal for growing in climates with harsh winters. This type of pine tree can withstand temperatures to -40 F. This is a slow-growing pine tree that will reach a mature height of 6-feet.
15- Upright Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia)
This different type of pine tree is a dwarf yew that grows into an upright V-shape with thick dense green foliage. Female Upright Japanese Plum Yews produce flowers and all types will grow well in shady areas.
Yews grown in dense shade will not produce dense foliage and will require regular pruning to keep them from looking sparse and ragged. When grown in full sun, this unique pine tree makes an excellent windbreak protection plant or living privacy fence.
This tree grows equally well in a container or in-ground as long as it’s planted in well-draining soil.